Salamanca is located relative in the middle of the Spanish mainland; it is about 200 km away from Madrid and with its round 150,000 inhabitants, still quite contemplative. However, it was 2002 European City of Culture, thanks to the most beautiful Plaza Mayor in Spain and two ancient cathedrals. As nickname Salamanca is called “Golden City” because many old buildings in the city centre have been erected from the same sandstone and are bright shining under the sun. But best known is Salamanca for its university, which is the second oldest university in Spain and takes up to 40,000 students. Because a majority of the inhabitants of Salamanca are students, the city is shaped accordingly; this is particularly shown by a very lively nightlife and a large concentration of bars and clubs. Incidentally, in Salamanca the best high Spanish is spoken, which makes it particularly attractive for language holidays.